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Protecting Our Food, Farms & Environment
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Pacific Northwest
Hawai'i CFS

Sludge victims tell their stories to the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works

August 26, 2008
Center for Food Safety
The controversial practice of disposing of sewage sludge on agricultural land and public parks will be examined by the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works in a public hearing on September 11, 2008. Sewage is an unpredictable mixture of whatever enters the sewers. The inevitable byproduct of sewage treatment is sludge. Sewage sludge is a toxic mix of heavy metals, synthetic organic compounds (e.g., PCBs, PAHs), detergent metabolites, pharmaceuticals, and pathogens. There are as many as 100,000 chemicals used in American industry, and every year thousands more chemical compounds are put into commercial use. All of these can potentially enter the wastewater stream and any that do can end up in the sludge. "Sewage sludge is anything but the benign fertilizer the Environmental Protection Agency says it is," said Joseph Mendelson, Legal Director at the Center for Food Safety (CFS). "In fact, hundreds of people have fallen ill after being exposed to sewage sludge fertilizer. We commend the Senate for taking this first step towards addressing this dangerous practice." The "land application" of sewage sludge has been promoted by EPA since 1993 as the preferred method of sludge disposal. Millions of tons of hazardous sewage sludge have subsequently been spread on farmland and parks in the United States, and many people living near sludged agricultural sites and many farm animals fed on sludged silage and hay have been made very sick. Many of these people have attempted to stop this practice. Now, since recent events have put a new spotlight on sludge, they are getting some help. On February 25, 2008, Judge Anthony Alaimo of the 11th Circuit Court ruled that the sludge applications on a farm in Georgia were responsible for killing hundreds of diary cattle and contaminating the milk supplies (see, and confirmed decades of deceipt by EPA and USDA. Judge Alaimo further stated in the ruling that "senior EPA officials took extraordinary steps to quash scientific dissent and any questioning of EPA's biosolids program." The U.S. Senate's Environment and Public Works Committee has announced it will hold hearings on September 11, 2008, on the issue of spreading sludge on land. This is a welcome first step in a long overdue examination of the policies that have led us to the appalling systematic contamination of our food supply and the degradation of our health from this byproduct of wastewater treatment. CFS has long sought to end the use of sewage sludge as an agricultural fertilizer--first through an immediate moratorium on its application to croplands. CFS strongly suggests that the government launch an independent investigation into all specific claims that sludge has caused harm to people, animals, and the environment. You can find more information about sewage sludge, sludge victims' stories, and the Senate hearings at Sludge News: or