State Labeling Initiatives

Center for Food Safety has worked with grassroots movements in individual states, counties, and municipalities to improve the oversight of genetically engineered crops and foods.  To this end, CFS has a number of “model” state bills or local initiatives to better protect non-GE farmers, prohibit GE crop planting or require labeling. Through these efforts CFS has successfully assisted in the passage of a number of bills around the country in the past. Interested parties seeking counsel on getting an initiative started in your city or state should contact CFS at office@centerforfoodsafety.org.

Already in 2014, there are more than 60 active bills in 23 states requiring labeling or prohibiting genetically engineered foods. Download our fact sheet GE Labeling: States Take Action to learn more about state labeling bills, or click on the states below for a list of GE food labeling bills.

Alaska

HB. 215 An Act relating to the labeling of food; relating to the misbranding of food; requiring labeling of food produced with genetic engineering; and providing for an effective date. Introduced by Representatives Tarr, Gara, Kawasaki, and Kreiss-Tomkins, Kito III on 1/21/14.

SB. 158 An Act relating to the labeling of food; relating to the misbranding of food; requiring labeling of food produced with genetic engineering; and providing for an effective date. Introduced by Senator Wielechowski on 2/5/14.

California

SB. 1381 An act to add Section 110663 to, and to add Article 6.6 (commencing with Section 110808) to Chapter 5 of Part 5 of Division 104 of, the Health and Safety Code, relating to genetically engineered food. Introduced by Senator Evans on 2/21/14.

Connecticut

HB.6418 Requires labeling of genetically engineered foods. Introduced February 14, 2013 by Representative BUTLER.

HB.6519 Requires labeling of genetically engineered foods. Introduced February 27, 2013 by JOINT PUBLIC HEALTH COMMITTEE.

PASSED SENATE 5/22/13
PASSED HOUSE 6/3/13
PASSED SENATE 6/1/13

Signed into law 12/12/13

Florida

HB. 1 Provides list of commercial commodities commonly cultivated in genetically engineered form; requires DACS to publish list by specified date & annually update list; provides mandatory labeling requirements for genetically engineered raw agricultural commodities & processed foods made with or derived from genetically engineered ingredients; provides for enforcement of labeling requirements; provides civil remedies & penalties. Introduced by Representatives Rehwinkel, Vasilinda, Berman, Dudley, Kerner, Pafford, Peters, Pritchett, Rader, Richardson, Stewart, and Zimmermann on 8/15/13.

SB. 558 Provides list of commercial commodities commonly cultivated in genetically engineered form; requires DACS to publish list by specified date & annually update list; provides mandatory labeling requirements for genetically engineered raw agricultural commodities & processed foods made with or derived from genetically engineered ingredients; provides for enforcement of labeling requirements; provides civil remedies & penalties. Introduced by Senators Ring and Campbell on 12/20/13.

Georgia

HB. 1152 An Act to amend Article 2 of Chapter 2 of Title 26 of the Official Code of Georgia Annotated, relating to adulteration and misbranding of food, so as to require the labeling of genetically engineered food; to provide for definitions; to provide for exceptions; to provide for rules and regulations; to provide for penalties; to provide for notice; to provide for related matters; to provide for contingent effectiveness; to repeal conflicting laws; and for other purposes. Introduced by Representatives Clark and Beverly on 3/13/14.

Hawaii

HB. 174 Requires specific labeling for any food or raw agricultural commodity sold in Hawaii that contains or was produced with a genetically engineered material. Introduced by Representatives Carroll, Lowen, Mizuno, Evans, and Souki on 1/18/13.

HB. 348 Requires genetically engineered food products that are sold, offered for sale, or distributed in this State to be labeled as such, with certain exceptions. Introduced by Representatives Lowen and C. Lee on 1/22/13.

HB. 733 Requires the labeling of genetically engineered whole food sold in Hawaii. Introduced by Representatives Wooley, Hanohano, Ing, Lowen, Belatti, Brower, C. Lee, Luke, McKelvey, Morikawa, and Nishimoto on 1/22/13.

HB. 2667 Establishes labeling requirements and import restrictions on imported genetically engineered produce. Authorizes the labeling of non-gentically engineered food as "not genetically engineered" or "does not include a genetically engineered ingredient". Establishes penalties for false labeling. Authorizes any person or public agency to seek an injunction to prevent or terminate the false labeling. Introduced by Representative Wooley on 1/23/14.

SB. 468 Establishes labeling requirements for any food or raw agricultural commodity sold in Hawaii that contains a genetically engineered material or was produced with a genetically engineered material. Introduced by Senators English, Chun Oakland, Gabbard, Keith-Agaran, Ruderman, Shimabukuro, Solomon, Galuteria, Green, Kahele, and L. Thielen on 1/18/13.

SB. 615 Prohibits the sale or distribution of genetically engineered whole food in the State beginning 7/1/2014 unless appropriately labeled as genetically engineered or produced or partially produced with genetic engineering. Introduced by Senators Gabbard, Ruderman, Chun Oakland, Shimabukuro, and L. Thielen on 1/18/13.

SB. 934 Requires genetically engineered food products that are sold, offered for sale, or distributed in Hawaii to be labeled as such, with certain exceptions, and establishes penalties for violations. Introduced by Senators Green, Chun Oakland, Ruderman, and Shimabukuro on 1/24/13.

SB. 1290 Requires the labeling of genetically engineered whole food sold in Hawaii. Introduced by Senators Gabbard, English, Green, Ruderman, Shimabukuro, Chun Oakland, and L. Thielen on 1/24/13.

SB. 1329 Requires labeling of foods that have been genetically engineered, provides a penalty for violations, and authorizes private civil enforcement of the Act. Introduced by Senator Gabbard on 1/24/13.

SB. 2176 Requires labeling of foods that have been genetically engineered. Provides a penalty for violations and authorizes private civil enforcement of the Act. Introduced by Senators Gabbard, Green, Ruderman, Shimabukuro, Ihara, and L. Thielen on 1/16/14.

SB. 2521 Requires labeling of foods, including raw agricultural commodities, processed food, and seed or seed stock, that have been genetically engineered or deems them misbranded. Provides a penalty for violations and authorizes private civil enforcement of the Act. Introduced by Senator Chun Oakland on 1/17/14.

SB. 2576 Imposes labeling requirements on genetically engineered food offered for retail sale. Introduced by Senators Green, Chun Oakland, Shimabukuro, Ruderman, and L. Thielen on 1/17/14.

SB. 2736 Establishes, beginning January 1, 2015, labeling requirements for any food or raw agricultural commodity sold in the State that contains a genetically engineered material, or was produced with a genetically engineered material; establishes exceptions; establishes violations; requires director of health to adopt rules. Introduced by Senators English, Chun Oakland, Gabbard, Green, Ruderman, Shimabukuro, Ihara, Keith-Agaran, and L. Thielen on 1/17/14.

SB. 3084 Requires food retailers to label GMO food sold to consumers for consumption. Prohibits sale of GMO food not appropriately labeled. Establishes a GMO labeling subsidy program. Imposes a surcharge on pesticide-related fees to provide revenues for the subsidy program. Introduced by request of another party on 1/23/14.

Illinois

HB. 3085 Requires genetically engineered raw agricultural commodities and processed foods offered for retail sale to bear labels. Creates exemptions for certain classes of products and requires the Department to annually publish a list of raw agricultural commodities commonly cultivated in a genetically engineered form. Introduced by Representative Mell on 2/26/13.

SB. 1666 Requires labeling of both whole and processed genetically modified foods above a specific percentage by weight.  Sets forth provisions concerning applicability and the right of action for violations, damages, and attorneys’ fees. Introduced by Senator Koehler on 2/13/13.

Iowa

 

HB. 463 A bill for an act requiring consumer labeling information for food, and including penalties. Introduced by Representatives Thede, Anderson, Steckman, Berry, Abdul-Samad, Mascher, Hunter, Hanson, and Kearns on 3/6/13.

SF. 194 Provides labeling requirements to genetically engineered foods and establishes penalties. Introduced by Senator Bolkcom on 2/13/13.

Kentucky

HB. 441 AN ACT relating to the labeling of genetically engineered food. Amend KRS 217.015 to define "genetic engineering" and "in vitro nucleic acid techniques;" create a new section of KRS 217.005 to 217.215 to create labeling requirements for genetically engineered foods. Introduced by Representatives Jenkins,  Marzian, and Riner on 2/24/14.

Louisiana

HB. 829 Requires disclosure and labeling on all food products derived from genetically engineered agricultural products. Introduced by Representative Woodruff on 2/28/14.

Maine

LD.718 Requires disclosure of genetically engineered products in food or seed stock. Introduced February 26, 2013 by Representatives HARVELL, ALFOND, BEAR, BEAUDOIN, Beaulieu, Beck, Bennett, Boland, Briggs, Brooks, Campbell, Carey, Casavant, Chapman, Chase, Cotta, Crafts, Daughtry, Davis, Dickerson, Dion, Doak, Dunphy, Espling, Evangelos, Farnsworth, Fowle, Gideon, Gilbert, Gillway, Goode, Graham, Grant, Guerin, Hamann, Harlow, Hickman, Hobbins, Hubbell, Johnson, Jones, Jorgensen, Kent, Keschl, Kinney, Knight, Kruger, Kumiega, Kusiak, Lajoie, Libby, Longstaff, Macdonald, Macdonald, Maker, Malaby, Mastraccio, Mccabe, Mcclellan, Mcgowan, Mclean, Monaghan-derrig, Moonen, Moriarty, Morrison, Nadeau, Nelson, Newendyke, Parry, Peavey Haskell, Peoples, Peterson, Plante, Pouliot, Powers, Rankin, Reed, Rochelo, Russell, Rykerson, Sanborn, Sanderson, Schneck, Shaw, Short, Sirocki, Soctomah, Stanley, Stuckey, Tipping-spitz, Treat, Turner, Tyler, Villa, Volk, Wallace Dexter, Weaver, Welsh, Werts, Wilson, and Winchenbach and Senators CAIN, BOYLE, Collins, Craven, Dutremble, Gerzofsky, Gratwick, Hamper, Haskell, Hill, Jackson, Johnson, Lachowicz, Langley, Mazurek, Millett, Patrick, Plummer, Tuttle, and Whittemore.

PASSED
SIGNED INTO LAW 1/9/14

Maryland

 

HB. 1191 Requiring specified raw foods and packaged foods that are entirely or partially produced with genetic engineering to display a specified label beginning on July 1, 2015; requiring a manufacturer to include a specified label on specified foods; requiring a supplier to include a specified label on a container used for packaging, holding, or transporting specified foods; requiring a retailer to place a specified label on a shelf or bin containing specified foods; etc. Introduced by Delegates A. Kelly, Barkley, Braveboy, Carr, Cullison, Fraser-Hidalgo, Frush, Gutierrez, Hixson, Hubbard, Hucker, Lafferty, Mizeur, Morhaim, Nathan-Pulliam, Pena-Melnyk, S. Robinson, Waldstreicher, and M. Washington on 2/7/14.

 

SB. 778 Requiring specified raw foods and packaged foods that are entirely or partially produced with genetic engineering to display a specified label beginning on July 1, 2015; requiring a manufacturer to include a specified label on specified foods; requiring a supplier to include a specified label on a container used for packaging, holding, or transporting specified foods; requiring a retailer to place a specified label on a shelf or bin containing specified foods; etc. Introduced by Senators Montgomery, Benson, Feldman, Forehand, Madaleno, Manno, Raskin, and Simonaire on 1/31/14.

 

Massachusetts

HB. 808 Requires labeling of genetically modified foods in the following categories: foods in whole or in part produced by GE microorganisms, plants, or animals with a 0.1% threshold; food products prepared or processed with genetic engineering, even if the GE organism is not present in the final product; foods derived from GE agricultural inputs, even if the GE input is not present in the final product; all meat and dairy products derived from animals fed GE products or treated with GE products; GE foods that have altered nutritional value; for foods with transgenes from other species, disclosure of the species and the gene(s); and for plants with transgenes from animals, disclosure of the fact for vegetarians.  Establishes a penalty of up to $1000 for violations. Introduced by Representative Smola on 1/22/13.

HB. 1936 Requires all whole and processed foods produced with genetically engineered materials to be labeled and classifies a lack of label as misbranding. Introduced by Representatives Dinatale, Lewis, Smizik, Pignatelli, Provost, Scibak, Hogan, Andrews, and Dykema and Senator Tarr on 1/22/13.

HB. 2037 Requires labeling of all genetically modified foods, considers a “natural” label on GE foods as misbranding, and establishes exemptions. Introduced by Representative Moran on 1/22/13.

HB. 2093 Provides for the labeling of genetically engineered foods. Introduced by Representatives Story, Provost Mark, Kocot, Brownsberger, Sannicandro, Scibak, and Madden and Senator Farley-Bouvier on 1/22/13.

Minnesota

HF. 850 Requires labeling for disclosure of genetically engineered food and seed. Introduced by Representatives Clark, Hausman, Laine, Slocum, S. Johnson, and Kahn on 2/21/13.

HF. 3140 Consumer protection provided, and disclosure of genetically engineered food and seed required. Introduced by Representatives Clark, Laine, Isaacson, Mullery, Davnie, Dehn, R., Paymar, Kahn, and Fischer on 3/17/14.

SF. 821 Requires labeling for disclosure of genetically engineered food and seed. Introduced by Senators Marty and Hawj on 2/28/13.

SF. 2865 Genetically modified or engineered food and seed disclosure requirement. Introduced by Senators Marty, Torres Ray, Hayden, Hawj, and Dibble on 3/21/14.

Missouri

HB. 1396 Requires all food and food products sold in Missouri that are or contain genetically modified products to be labeled indicating that the food is or contains genetically modified products.  Introduced by Representatives Ellington and Gardner on 1/14/14.

SB. 533  This act requires all genetically modified meat and fish that is raised and sold in Missouri to be identified on its label as genetically modified. Introduced by Senator Nasheed on 1/8/14.

New Hampshire

SB. 411 Requires the labeling of genetically engineered foods and agricultural commodities. Introduced by Senators Fuller Clark, Watters, Bixby, Murotake, and LeBrun on 1/8/14.

New Jersey

AB. 1359 Requires labeling of all foods containing genetically modified material. Introduced by Representatives Stender, Eustace, Wolfe, DeCroce, along with 17 co-sponsors, on 1/16/14.

SB. 91 Requires labeling of all foods containing genetically modified material. Introduced by Senators Singer and Vitale, along with 13 co-sponsors, on 1/14/14.

New York

A03525B Provides for the labeling of food or food products that contain a genetically engineered material or that are produced with a genetically engineered material; defines terms; imposes penalties for false labels and misbranding; sets forth exemptions. Reintroduced by Representatives Rosenthal, Braunstein, Brennan, Brindisi, Curran, Cymbrowitz, Fahy, Farrell, Glick, Hevesi, Jacobs, Johns, Lentol, Lifton, Markey, Montesano, Paulin, Ra, Rivera, Rodriguez, Sweeney, and Weisenberg, along with 31 co-sponsors, on 3/5/14.

A05412A Enacts the "New York Right to Know Genetically Engineered Food Act." Reintroduced by Representatives Abinanti, Arroyo, Cook, and Robinson, along with 2 co-sponsors, on 1/8/14.

S. 3835A Provides for the labeling of food or food products that contain a genetically engineered material or that are produced with a genetically engineered material; defines terms; imposes penalties for false labels and misbranding; sets forth exemptions. Reintroduced by  Senator LaVALLE, along with 13 co-sponsors, on 1/8/14.

SB. 4468 Enacts the "New York Right to Know Genetically Engineered Food Act." Reintroduced by Senators Parker, Avella, and Perkins on 1/8/14.

Oklahoma

HB. 2942 Requires genetically engineered food or seed stock to contain certain labeling. Introduced by Representative Ortega on 2/3/14.

Oregon

HB.2175 Makes foods that contain or are produced using genetically engineered material subject to labeling requirements and declares that such foods that do not conform with labeling requirements to be misbranded. Introduced January 13, 2013 by Representative BOONE.

HB.2532 Makes foods that contain or are produced using genetically engineered material subject to labeling requirements. Introduced January 13, 2013 by Representatives HOLVEY, Buckley, and Keny-Guyer.

HB.3177 Establishes that genetically engineered fish may not be sold, displayed for sale, or offered for sale at retail for human consumption unless there is readily visible in the area where the fish is sold, displayed, or offered a sign disclosing that the fish has been genetically engineered; exempts restaurants; and sets penalties for misbranding. Introduced February 22, 2013 by Representatives HOLVEY, GOMBERG, and BOONE.

HB.4100 Requires labeling of genetically engineered raw agricultural commodities and packages of genetically engineered processed food offered or expected to be offered for retail sale within state and declares commodity or food misbranded if not labeled as required. Introduced by Representatives Holvey, Buckley, Boone, and Bailey on 2/3/14. Failed to pass on March 7, 2014.

Pennsylvania

HB. 1770 Provides for labeling of genetically engineered food. Introduced by Representatives Daley, Cutler, Mundy, Rozzi, Kinsey, Schlossberg, Kim, Boback, Caltagirone, Brownlee, D. Miller, Cohen, Painter, Fleck, Mahoney, Kula, Murt, Gillen, Deluca, V. Brown, Bishop, O'brien, B. Boyle, Scavello, Watson, Quinn, Harper, R. Brown, Briggs, Killion, K. Boyle, Carroll, Cruz, Mirabito, Harhai, Haggerty, Gainey, Sabatina, Swanger, Goodman, and Sturla on 10/17/13.

SB. 653 Provides for the labeling of genetically engineered foods. Introduced by Senators Leach, Brewster, Fontana, Greenleaf, Farnese, Solobay, Ferlo, Hughes, Smith, Washington, Yudichak, Williams, and Dinniman on 4/3/13.

Rhode Island

(Note: The Rhode Island website requires the user to type the Bill number into the entry box.)

HB. 7042 Would update and refine the definition section in the statutes on food, drugs, and cosmetics, most notable a new definition for genetically engineered products. It would also set forth rules for labeling such products. Introduced by Representatives Canario, Azzinaro, Guthrie, Johnston, and Edwards on 1/9/14.

HB. 7093 Would require that food and food products derived from or containing genetically modified organisms be labeled as such by the manufacturer, retailer or other person before putting it on the market for sale in RI. Introduced by Representatives  Hull, Bennett, Cimini, Handy, and MacBeth on 1/15/14.

HB. 7491 Would require that labels or marks on milk or milk products include information disclosing whether such milk or milk product has been genetically engineered or modified. Introduced by Representative Lima on 2/13/14.

SB. 2226 Would require that food or food products produced or made in RI only, derived from or containing genetically modified organisms be labeled as such by the manufacturer, retailer, or other person before putting it on the market for sale in RI. Introduced by Senator Walaska on 1/30/14.

Tennessee

HB. 1168 Provides for the labeling of genetically engineered foods. Introduced by Representative Towns on 2/13/13.

SB. 894 Provides for the labeling of genetically engineered foods. Introduced by Senator Nicely on 2/4/13.

SB. 1878 Requires that all genetically engineered food sold in this state be labeled “genetically engineered.” Introduced by Senator Nicely on 1/21/14.

Vermont

HB. 112 Provides for the labeling of genetically engineered foods. Introduced by Representatives Webb, Bartholomew, Zagar, Partridge, Mccullough, Bissonnette, Burke, Buxton, Carr, Cheney, Christie, Cross, Dakin, Deen, Devereux, Donahue, Northfield, Donovan, Ellis, Emmons, Frank, French, Head, Hooper, Keenan, Krowinski, Lanpher, Lenes, Marek, Martin, Martin, Masland, Mccarthy, Mccormack, Miller, Mrowicki, Nuovo, Pearson, Peltz, Rachelson, Ram, Sharpe, Spengler, Stevens, Stuart, Till, Toleno, Townsend, Waite-Simpson, Wizowaty, and Woodward on 1/29/13. Passed by House May 10, 2013; Bill passed to Senate Appropriations Committee on 4/4/14.

SB. 89 Provides that food is misbranded if it is entirely or partially produced with genetic engineering and it is not labeled as genetically engineered. Introduced by Senators Zuckerman, Baruth, Ashe, French, Fox, Galbraith, Lyons, Mccormack, Pollina, Rodgers, and White on 2/8/13.

Washington

HB. 2143 A bill to label genetically engineered finfish in Washington State. Introduced by Representatives Condotta, Pollet, and Van De Wege on 1/6/14.

SB. 6184 A bill to label genetically engineered finfish in Washington State. Introduced by Senators Chase and Kline on 1/17/14.

SB. 5073 Provides for the labeling of genetically engineered foods and prescribes penalties for violation. Introduced January 17, 2013 by Senators Chase, Kline, Keiser, Rolfes, and Hasegawa.

SB. 6343 A bill to label genetically engineered finfish in Washington State. Introduced by Senators Chase, Ranker, and Kline on 1/22/14.

West Virginia

HB. 2153 Sets forth labeling requirements regarding the sale of foods containing genetically engineered materials and foods produced with genetically engineered materials; provides exceptions; requires testing; provides civil penalties; provides for civil suits by the Commissioner of Agriculture and suits by citizens; defines terms; and provides rule-making authority. Introduced by Representative Manypenny on 2/13/13.

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