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Pacific Northwest
Hawai'i CFS

GE Fish State Regulations

Center for Food Safety

Since the U.S. government has failed to require labeling of GE fish and other GE animals, it is imperative that individual states fill in the oversight gaps.  CFS has worked with several states previously and will continue to recommend states adopt their own regulation over GE fish. 

Click on the state name below to view state regulations on GE fish


Alaska Stat. § 17.20.040(14) (2011) Requires mandatory labeling of GE fish, both packaged or unpackaged.



Cal. Fish & Game Code § 15007 Prohibits the spawning, incubation, or cultivation of transgenic fish species in the waters of the Pacific Ocean that are regulated by the State.

Cal. Code Regs. tit. 14, §671.1 (2013) Makes it unlawful to import, transport, or possess live transgenic aquatic animals except by permit.


Del Code Ann.  tit. 7, §9.942 (2012) Gives the Department authorization to authorize, regulate, prohibit, prescribe, or restrict anywhere in the state the acquisition, importation, introduction, possession, transportation, disposition, or release into public or private tidal waters of any invasive finfish species, including genetically engineered native species. The Department is further authorized to prescribe and regulate the methods used to take or eliminate invasive finfish species from tidal waters.


Fla. Admin Code r. 5L-3.004 (2013) Requires certified aquaculturalists to receive authorization from Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) prior to culturing transgenic fish species. FDACS is compelled to consult with the Transgenic Aquatic Species Advisory Committee prior to granting authorization, and approval is to be granted only if it is determined that there is no threat posed to public health, safety, and welfare. Additionally, transgenic fish are prohibited in marine net pens and cages.


Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 12, § 6071 (2011) Establishes that the Maine Department of Marine Resources commissioner may introduce a live marine organism to the coastal waters if the introduction, importation or possession will not endanger the indigenous marine life or its environment and may adopt of amend rules to prevent the introduction of bacteria, fungus, virus or any other infectious or contagious disease or parasite, predator or other organism that may be dangerous to indigenous marine life or its environment.


Md. Code Ann., Natural Resources §4-11A-02 (2012) Compels the Department to promulgate by regulation requirements that are necessary to ensure that aquaculture operations do not adversely impact wild stocks of fish and limit or restrict permits for the raising of nonnative species.



Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 324.41301-41325 Prohibits the possession of a genetically engineered fish species without specific permits and establishes penalties for violations.

Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 324.45901-45908 Prohibits the propagation of transgenic game fish in private waters without specific licenses and establishes penalties for violations.

Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 324.48701-48740 Prohibits the acquisition of genetically engineered fish from inland waters for scientific study and the importation of viable GE fish eggs into the state without specific permits and establishes penalties for violations.


Minn. Stat §18F.07 (2012) Requires a permit from the commissioner before releasing a genetically engineered agriculturally related organism.

Minn. Stat §17.4981-82 (2012) Prevents release of nonindigenous or exotic species (defined to include genetically engineered species) into public waters without approval of the commissioner.

Minn. Stat §4410.8000 (2012) Requires environmental review before allowing the release of any genetically modified organisms and assessing the potential for the genetically engineered organisms to cause adverse environmental effects.


Miss. Code Ann. § 79-22-9 (2012) Requires an aquaculturist to obtain a permit for genetically modified aquatic plants and animals.


Ohio Admin. Code 1501:31-9-01 (2013) Permits the unrestricted farming of Atlantic, Chinook, and Coho salmon species, but prohibits buying, selling, or possessing unclassified species (any not listed here prior) without permission from the chief of the Ohio DNR Division of Wildlife.


Or. Admin R. 635-007-0595 (2012) Prohibits authorizing the release of transgenic fish into areas where they may gain access to wild fish populations.

Rhode Island

16-2 R.I. Code R. § 300.11 (2012) Prohibits the introduction of non-indigenous species for aquaculture unless protocols are in place to ensure that no accidental releases into the state’s waters may occur.


Wash. Admin. Code § 220-76-100 (2012) Prohibits the use of transgenic fish in state waters.


Wis. Stat. § 146.60 (2012) Requires a notification to a federal regulator and Natural Resources Departmental review prior to releasing genetically modified organisms into the environment.