Plagued by decades of over-fishing, pollution, agricultural runoff, and deficient management, our marine ecosystems and the fisheries that depend upon them stand at a crossroads. States like Alaska have taken bold steps to ensure the longevity of their wild fish stocks by prohibiting the factory farming of fish such as salmon or tuna, and instead investing in proper fisheries management. Other states such as Washington and Maine have invested considerably in industrial aquaculture as a way to supplement diminishing returns of their wild stocks. The
next chapter in this unfolding drama is the private development of genetically engineered (GE) fish, which are designed to be raised under industrial aquaculture conditions.